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The decision-making process is a critical aspect of sport governance. All of us make decisions every day. What to wear, what to eat, may be simple decisions depending on where you are at a particular point in your life cycle.

An important factor in any decision, be it a simple decision or a complex decision, is what do you consider when deciding? The starting point for most decisions - in other words, the basics of decision making, gathering and analysing information.

Sport leaders and administrators are tasked with making decisions every day. What is the difference? What determines if a decision is simple or complex? A simple or routine decision is defined in academic literature as straight forward, repetitive and mundane. Complex problems tend to be at times unexpected or unintended. Regardless, in arriving at a decision, it is essential to follow an organised, well thought out process.

Decisions, especially those considered of great importance, cannot be left to chance. A process that is claimed to aid the decision-making process, is the Rational Model based on Robbins. The Model's architectural framework includes:

  • Identify the REAL problem
  • Identify the decision objective
  • Gather all pertinent information
  • Identify any obstacles
  • Brainstorm alternatives
  • Narrow down the options
  • Examine the pros and cons of each option
  • Make the decision
  • Evaluate the decision.

Another decision making method which takes a more global view of the organisation and the implications of decisions, is called the SLEEPE principle. The decisions sport leaders make are often publicly scrutinized by the media, fans and the general public. It is therefore important that sport leaders apply their conceptual skills to see the big picture. By using the SLEEPE method decision makers can analyse decisions that may have far reaching implications either negative or positive. SLEEPE is a modification by ( Hums, 2006; Hums & Wolf, 2017) of the original SLEEP model by W.Moore at Ohio State University in 1990. What is SLEEPE?

  • S-Social
  • L-Legal
  • E-Economic
  • E-Ethical
  • P-Political
  • E- Educational.

Using SLEEPE can help sport leaders understand how their decisions will be viewed by various stakeholders.

Sport leaders must be mindful of dealing with governance issues, which can have far reaching consequences that shape the direction and future of their organisation.

Too many sport leaders make decisions on the basis of how they are feeling and who they like or dont like . Given the public scrutiny sport leaders are facing, leading by" vaps" is no longer viable or credible.

Effective leadership is transformational, bringing positive change to a sports organisation. What sport stakeholders must ask their leaders or those seeking leadership roles is this - What is your vision? Where do you see this organisation in 50 years or even 100 years?

The answer will be instructive.

Written by Brian Lewis
The views expressed are not necessarily those of the TTOC and TTCGA.


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Rheeza Grant Interview - August 2019 - 2019 Pan Am Games, Lima, Peru

Colin Murray |

2019 Pan Amer­i­can Games

A few fans stopped me to ask what I thought about the West In­dies' per­for­mance so far in the se­ries against In­dia in both the T20's and the ODIs.

DOUBLE GOLD MEDALLIST! Nicholas Paul of T&T celebrates beating compatriot Phillip Njisanel, also of T&T, to win the gold medal in the track cycling men's sprint final at the Pan American Games in Lima, Peru on August 3. (AP)

2019 Pan Amer­i­can Games

The Pan Amer­i­can Games closed on Sun­day but T&T is still cel­e­brat­ing its his­toric per­for­mance, claim­ing 13 medals, the most ever.

GOLFER Ysabelle Lawrence and martial arts’ Gabrielle Wood brought team TTO’s triumphant performance at the 2019 Pan American Games in Lima, Peru to an end yesterday, hours before a ceremony closed the curtains to the quadrennial event after more than two weeks of action.

31 July is CANOC day. A message was sent out. That it barely registered or caught the attention of sport stakeholders in the Caribbean is an opportunity not a slight. CANOC must embrace the opportunity to heighten awareness and engage in enhanced outreach to provide information about the organisation.

It is cold in Lima, Peru, host city of the 2019 Pan Am Games. In fact, it is winter here in the South American nation.

I came in for some withering criticism recently for adopting the position, that as painful as it is, the current intolerable crime situation is an opportunity for T&T to recalibrate.

With the one-year countdown to the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games officially underway, the Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee, (TTOC) has announced that TTO athletes will benefit from a pre-games training camp at the Japan Athlete Training Center Osumi, in Osaki Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, as part of Japan’s Host Town Initiative.

Dylan Carter

Tokyo 2020

National swimmer Dylan Carter has qualified for the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan after reaching the semi-final in the 100m freestyle at the 2019 FINA World Aquatics Championships in South Korea.

In this file photo, (from L) TT's Keston Bledman, Emmanuel Callender, Richard Thompson and Marc Burns celebrate after winning silver in the men's 4×100m relay final at the National Stadium during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games on August 22, 2008.

Tokyo 2020

TEAM TTO has been assured of a gold medal at the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan. Twelve years after their second place finish at the 2008 Beijing Games, sprinters Richard Thompson, Marc Burns, Emmanuel Callender and Keston Bledman will receive their 4x100m relay gold.


Cartan Global         Michael Johnson Performance Puma